Sample Practice Exam – No Explanations
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Question 1 of 10
1. QuestionCategory: Evaluate Data in the Patient Record
The following data has been obtained from a ventilator patient on volume-controlled (VC) ventilation and a tidal volume of 600 mL.
Time Peak Pressure
1 PM 32 16 2 PM 38 22 3 PM 42 26
Which of the following statements regarding these data are true?CorrectIncorrect
Question 2 of 10
2. QuestionCategory: Recommend Diagnostic Procedures
A 28-week gestational age neonate is suspected of having a pneumothorax. Which of the following should the respiratory therapist recommend to help diagnose if this condition is present?
- transillumination of the chest
- transcutaneous PO2 monitoring
- chest x-ray
- arterial blood gases
Question 3 of 10
3. QuestionCategory: Assemble and Troubleshoot Equipment
While evaluating a postoperative patient for which incentive spirometry has been ordered, the respiratory therapist obtains a VC of 6 ml/kg of body weight. The therapist should do which of the following?CorrectIncorrect
Question 4 of 10
4. QuestionCategory: Ensure Infection Control
The respiratory therapist is instructing a patient who is about to be discharged from the hospital the proper method for cleaning equipment in the home. Which of the following should be included in the procedure?CorrectIncorrect
Question 5 of 10
5. QuestionCategory: Maintain a Patient Airway Including the Care of Artificial Airways
A 6 ft 5 in tall male patient is intubated with an 8.0-mm ET tube that is taped at the lip at the 20 cm mark. The respiratory therapist hears a gurgling sound during inspiration and observes the patient’s exhaled tidal volume is 250 mL less than the inhaled tidal volume. The therapist increases the cuff pressure from 18 cm H2O to 27 cm H2O with no change in the sound or exhaled volume. The therapist shouldCorrectIncorrect
Question 6 of 10
6. QuestionCategory: Support Oxygenation and Ventilation
The following data is collected from a 75 kg (165 lb) patient receiving VC ventilation.
AC Mode VT 500 mL Ventilator rate 10/min Total rate 15/min FIO2 0.60 PEEP 5 cm H2O
pH 7.25 PaCO2 56 torr PaO2 66 torr HCO3 25 mEq/L BE 0 mEq/L
The patient’s chest x-ray indicates lobar atelectasis. Based on these data, the most appropriate recommendation is which of the following?CorrectIncorrect
Question 7 of 10
7. QuestionCategory: Support Oxygenation and Ventilation
An intubated patient begins exhibiting severe respiratory distress. The respiratory therapist auscultates no breath sounds and determines there is no gas flow passing through the end of the ET tube. The high pressure alarm is sounding on the ventilator. Which of the following should the therapist do?CorrectIncorrect
Question 8 of 10
8. QuestionCategory: Ensure Modifications are Made to the Respiratory Care Plan
The following data are collected from a patient receiving VC ventilation.
Set Tidal volume 550 mL Exhaled Tidal Volume 500 mL PIP 30 cm H2O Plateau pressure 20 cm H2O PEEP 5 cm H2O
This patient’s static lung compliance is which of the following?CorrectIncorrect
Question 9 of 10
9. QuestionCategory: Ensure Modifications are Made to the Respiratory Care Plan
A patient’s PaO2 is 88 torr on a nonrebreathing mask, but the patient complains he can’t tolerate wearing the mask. Which of the following should the respiratory therapist recommend?CorrectIncorrect
Question 10 of 10
10. QuestionCategory: Provide Respiratory-Care Techniques in High-Risk Situations
Sinus bradycardia is observed on the EKG monitor during the resuscitation of a 63-year-old female who was admitted to the ED following an episode of severe chest pain. The patient has no pulse and blood pressure cannot be measured. Which of the following should the respiratory therapist recommend?CorrectIncorrect